Prostate enlargement is a very common condition, especially among men over 50 years old.
The causes of prostate enlargement can vary from inflammation to benign prostate enlargement (BPE) or even prostate cancer.
BPE occurs in about 50% of men over 50 and in up to 90% of men older than 90. While it is extremely common, it is not life-threatening. Even prostate cancer, a more severe condition, has a slow progression and high survival rates.
Currently, there isn’t enough research on alternative medicine when it comes to prostate health. There are, however, studies that show how different foods can improve or deteriorate prostate health.
Here are the foods you should try to include in your diet for better prostate health.
Foods to eat for prostate health
Generally speaking, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains promotes better prostate health. The Mediterranean diet seems to be a winner for the prostate, as well as overall health.
Fish: rich in fatty acids like omega-3s and omega-6s, fish seems to contribute to overall good health. Fatty acids have an anti-inflammatory effect, which appears to contrast prostate inflammation.
Berries: the antioxidants in strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, and raspberries have been shown to help contrast the oxidative damage caused by oxygen free radicals (a byproduct of our metabolism).
Tomatoes: rich in lycopene, another antioxidant. When cooked, the antioxidant is more easily accessed, therefore tomato sauce, juice, or even sundried tomatoes appear to be especially favorable for better prostate health.
Broccoli: rich in the phytochemical sulforaphane that appears to target and kill cancer cells. Other cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, bok choy, kale, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts are also good candidates.
Seeds, nuts, and vegetable oils: all great sources of healthy fats as well as fiber. A study on patients with prostate cancer has shown that replacing animal fats with vegetable fats reduced the mortality rate.
Legumes: a great source of protein, rich in soluble and insoluble fiber as well as potassium, iron, and magnesium. Furthermore, legumes are high in phytoestrogens which have been connected to lower rates of certain cancers. Soy seems to be among the favorites for better prostate health.
Green tea: another source of antioxidants. Green tea contains high levels of catechins, compounds that have been associated with a range of health benefits, including decreasing the risk of cancer.
While the studies on the effects of these foods on prostate health are still limited, they contribute to overall good health and can be a good addition to your diet.
It is important to note that eating a diet rich in the foods mentioned above, does not reduce the risk to zero. Other factors such as lifestyle and health history can contribute to prostate conditions.